Photography Composition Articles
   


>Home

>Golden Mean
>General
>Color and
Image Balance

>Tools
>Forum

 



Golden Section and Photography



   
Probably, you are here because you would like to know how to improve your photo technique, what is the Golden Mean, look at examples, read some articles or maybe use our on-line photo-adjuster (I am still working on this, though).
Yes, all the experienced photographers do know the "golden" rules of composition and use them almost innately. But before you start to use these simple rules without thinking, you need to practice, think what is better, and read about these rules. I am not going to describe the mathematical basics of these rules because they are well-described in other places, but here you'll find some examples, links to those descriptions, as well as JavaScript which could help you.
   

Rule of Thirds or Golden Ratio

So, the first "golden" rule is the "Rule of Thirds" or "Golden Ratio". It affects the ratio (1:1.618) of a picture size, as well as the placement of the main subjects in the photo. This ratio is close to the 35mm ratio, so you don't need to change the size of the photo in most cases. But you need to consider the composition: main subject should lie on one of the four lines or four intersections (subject's eye for example). Truthfully speaking, these rules are not always the same. Rule of Thirds is a simplified version of the Golden Mean.

Golden Triangles

Another rule is the "Golden Triangles". It's more convenient for photos with diagonal lines. There are three triangles with corresponding shapes. Just roughly place three subjects with approximate equal sizes in these triangles and this rule will be kept.

Golden Spiral or Golden Rectangle

And one more rule is a "Golden Spiral" or "Golden Rectangle" (you'll see why it's a rectangle in the tools section). There should be something, leading the eye to the center of the composition. It could be a line or several subjects. This "something" could just be there without leading the eyes, but it will fulfill its purpose anyway.

As you know, there is always an exception from the rule and all the rules created just to be broken ;-) So, you shouldn't stick to these rules all the time. Know the rule, break the rule, and use your natural aesthetic sense.

Here you could find several other articles to help you understand the Golden mean.
Leave the comments,
or discuss this article in our forum.





  



Chapters from Camera Hobby e-Book by Edwin Leong

Lessons in Composition for the Amateur Photographer by Dale Cotton

Composition Refresher by Theresa Husarik

    © photoinf.com 2003-2013